Types of wool and its treatments – Yassini gallery

Types of wool and its treatments

Wool is one of the most important materials produced in Morocco in quantities that meet the needs of the population since antiquity. After being sheared, it is cleaned of impurities and washed and blown or combed in order to transform it into ready-made threads.

The quality of a wool is measured by the fineness of its fiber, the finer the latter and the more expensive the wool. However, the best wool is that originating from shearing lambs, provided they are alive and sound. In Morocco, it is the Sardi and Boujad breeds which give the best wool.

The wool of SARDI is dense and homogeneous, without stains or impurities, without colored fibers. The average weight of a single fleece is 2.2 kg. The softness of the wool varies between 50 and 60 on the Bradford scale.

However, there is a variety of Moroccan wool from a breed of sheep from Ouarzazate called Siroua. It has characteristics very similar to Australian and New Zealand wool, highly prized for the fineness of its threads. The woolen threads extracted from the Siroua sheep make excellent Amazigh rugs.

Another type of wool: Mohair wool which is produced from the mohair hair of Angora goats. They have a very fine and very soft coat.

Connoisseurs also cite the race "Timahdite", in the region of Fez-Meknes, whose wool is white without spots, no jar, no fibers, spread over the whole body,

There are after all other types of wool that are less well known but also have their own specificities, such as Eddeman, Bijaad and Bni Kil.

In any case, within the same homogeneous herd, wool of lambs, that of sheep, that of rams and that of old animals are classified separately.